Facial Pain

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to recognize and treat a variety of facial pains. One common source of headache and facial pain is disease or dysfunction of the temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ). The TMJ is a small joint located in front of the ear where the skull and lower jaw meet. It is a “ball and socket” joint that allows the lower jaw to move and function.


TMJ disorders have a variety of symptoms. Individuals may complain of earaches, headaches and limited ability to open the mouth. They may also complain of clicking or grating sounds in the joint and painful opening and closing of the mouth.

Arthritis is one cause of TMJ disorders. It can result from an injury or from grinding of the teeth at night. Another common cause of problem is displacement or dislocation of the disc that is located between the jawbone and the socket. Injury or rheumatoid arthritis can cause parts of the joint to fuse, preventing jaw movement altogether.

Stress can trigger pain in the jaw muscles that is very similar to that caused by TMJ problems. Frequent clenching or grinding of the teeth can cause painful spasms in the muscles and difficulty in jaw movement. Some patients may experience a combination of muscle and joint problems.


Once properly diagnosed, most TMJ disorders can be treated, in whole or at least in part, by “self-care” — oral medications, physical therapy, or use of a plastic bite splint. When a diagnosis indicates a specific problem with the joint, surgery may be an appropriate option.

Arthroscopic joint surgery is minimally invasive and has proven effective in resolving advanced TMJ disorders. For more serious joint problems, complex surgery is available.

Our operation theatre is equipped with recently launched all-in-one TMJ arthroscope. With this, we can treat majority of the TMJ problems like clicking, lock-jaw, painful opening of the mouth and arthritis.

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